2019 / 8 / 13
It’s not a new thing, everyday we encounter new tools and services, all with a purpose to make the development process easier, faster and better. Testing tools are not a secret or not a new concept. They are here just to simplify and improve the testing process. They are an inevitable part of development process.
In this blog post we are here to shed some light on the testing frameworks, why they are here, what benefits we can get from them and last but not least we will be comparing Top 5 iOS testing frameworks.
Traditional approach of testing involves writing test cases and manually executing those test cases. With the advent in technology, there comes the need to deliver software faster with all the desirable features in shortest span of time. To cater all the issues, Automated Testing came into the picture.
In automation testing, test code is written by a QA Engineer and is processed in a special testing environment called, Automation testing framework.
Let’s begin discussing Top 5 iOS Testing Frameworks. There are so many testing frameworks that are available in the market. But here we are discussing only Top 5 to ease of job, you can select the one that best from the best that suits your project needs.
We will be discussing testing frameworks in the alphabetic order along with their strengths, features, test coverage options and how they are licensed.
Appium : Appium is a open-source, cross platform tool for automating testing of native,mobile-web and hybrid apps on iOS and Android.
What does these three terms- native, mobile-web and hybrid actually means. Native apps means that are written using iOS, Android and Windows SDK. Mobile-Web apps means web apps accessed using a mobile browser for example - Safari for iOS, Chrome or any built-in browser for Android. Hybrid apps means the one having a wrapper around web content.
This tool allows you to run test cases on real devices, emulators and simulators.
Apple XCode Test : This is the framework designed and created with the support of Apple. So, this is the framework for iOS. According to developer.apple.com “Use XCTest framework to write unit tests for your Xcode projects that integrate seamlessly with Xcode's testing workflow. Tests assert that certain conditions are satisfied during code execution, and record test failures (with optional messages) if those conditions are not satisfied. Tests can also measure the performance of blocks of code to check for performance regressions, and can interact with an application's UI to validate user interaction flows.”
Calabash : This is an open-source, free to download software developed by Xamarin. It is also cross-platform testing framework supporting iOS and Android platforms.
EarlGrey : This is a functional UI testing framework for iOS. According to Google Open Source Blog Several Google applications like Youtube, Google Photos, Google Translate, Google Play Music and many more have successfully adopted EarlGrey.
OCMock : 1. This testing framework comes in 2 variants- one is a static library that is used for iOS development and the other is a framework used for OS X development. This testing framework provides support for creating stub objects in iOS application.
After such a long discussion on the top 5 testing frameworks for iOS. There remains still the same question. It is very hard now to choose the best tool out of best tools.
Question is still the same Which iOS Testing Framework Should You Use?
Based on your needs and experience with the language you can select a testing framework with which it is comfortable for you to work or you can simply try all the frameworks that are listed heer and decide which one to use based on the requirements fulfilled.
Looking at the maturity of the market, I can guarantee that there always exists at least one tool that can cater the needs of almost any developer.
Happy Coding!!! Go try frameworks by yourself. You will definitely find the best for your project.